Rock texture

Collections Room

The department maintains collections of more than 2,000 mineral specimens, 2,000 fossil specimens, 4,500 rock specimens, and 2,000 topographic and geological maps. Specimens were collected from sites all over the world, including Antarctica. 

This facility also houses our historical collection of maps and notes from our department's founding member, Dr. Irv Tesmer.

There are 78 separate rock and fossil collections.

Collections Room Inventory

For access to the collections, email the department (

Geochemistry and Hydrogeology Lab

The Geochemistry and Hydrogeology Laboratory (SAMC 57) is used for research, and classes in geochemistry and hydrogeology such as GES 350 - Environmental Geochemistry, and GES 460 - Applied Environmental Methods. The lab houses a Rame Hart Goniometer, an SRI Gassless Educational Gas Chromatograph and an Orion 210A Portable pH/ISE meter. Faculty and students make regular use of a Hach CEL/850 Environmental Water Quality Lab kit, including a digital titrator and a colorimeter. The lab also has a Hach 2100P Portable Turbidimeter.

GIS Teaching Lab

Teaching lab with 18 student computers with dual monitors and a teaching station. The teaching lab also has a projection system to better facilitate instruction. Computers in the lab are linked to the Buffalo State computer network and are loaded with ESRI Geographic Information System (GIS) software, including ArcGIS Desktop and ArcGIS Pro, Erdas IMAGINE remote sensing software and Pix4D software for processing drone imagery. The teaching lab is used to teach a variety of courses ranging from intro to GIS (GEG 325) to remote sensing (GEG 418).

GIS Tech Hub

The GIS Tech Hub is a new campus-wide resource that provides information about GIS technology. The development of the GIS Tech Hub and website was funded through a SUNY Innovative Instruction Technology Grant. The GIS Tech Hub project aims to create a new centralized resource for teaching, sharing, and collaboration using GIS technology.  The site hosts a variety of web mapping applications that demonstrate the use of GIS in urban planning and geography.

Students conduct research at Buffalo State's Microscopy Lab

Microscopy Laboratory

The Microscopy Lab (SAMC 114) is an interdisciplinary lab for geology and chemistry that includes twenty-four student stations each with a dedicated petrographic microscope equipped with a digital camera. Twelve stereo microscopes with blackfield capabilities are also available. For teaching and research there are two research-grade versions of these microscopes, each equipped with dedicated high-definition digital cameras. Petrographic microscopes are compound polarizing microscopes that filter light rays to enable examination of minerals and textures in thin slices of rock (thin sections) at magnifications ranging from 40x to 400x for the student scopes and a combined 7x to 1000x for the teaching/research scopes. Eight of the 24 student scope cameras are Wi-Fi, part of the ongoing project of equipping the lab fully for Wi-Fi teaching.

For information e-mail Gary S. Solar.

Outdoor Geology Classroom at Buffalo State

Outdoor Geology Classroom

Buffalo State's Outdoor Geology Classroom provides an immersive field-like experience where students and visitors learn about Earth processes using a purposely arranged combination of natural and construction materials to represent the components and processes of the Rock Cycle.

Outdoor Geology Classroom

outdoor green space

Outdoor Green Space

The Outdoor Green Space is a natural fenced in area located on campus - located off Lot I-33.  The purpose of this green space is to allow faculty and students to set up equipment or conduct experiments in an area that can be manipulated and is secure.  The area is open to all faculty and students, with permission.  

For information contact:  Stephen Vermette 

Student in Rock Preparation Lab

Rock Preparation Laboratory

The Rock Preparation Lab (SAMC 55) is used for faculty and student research where rock, mineral, and fossil sample processing is necessary. The lab is furnished with all equipment necessary for rock and mineral sample handling, and for teaching of the associated techniques for mineral separates analysis, petrography, and SEM analyses. 

The lab features a 24" slab saw, a trim saw, and a precision saw, and several polishing options including a Logitech (UK) automatic polisher, two polishing wheels (10" and 18"), and a vibratory polisher. The lab has an integrated Retsch jaw crusher and disk mill for sample reduction, a sandbox for sample reorientation, and a Frantz model L-1 magnetic separator.  For thin-sectioning, the lab houses a Buehler Petrothin thin-sectioning machine, glass polishing plates, and an epoxy station. On hand is a research-grade petrographic microscope and two hand-specimen microscopes. The lab houses a Comco Microblaster for sample cleaning. 

For information e-mail Gary S. Solar.

Sedimentology lab

Sedimentology Lab

The sedimentology lab houses a variety of demonstration equipment used in courses such as GES 300: Sedimentology; GES 315: Marine Environments; and GES 224: Geological Hazards. The wave tank and recirculating flume, described in greater detail below, were designed and constructed by students enrolled in a senior engineering design course. Other equipment in the lab include: a Hydrobotics ROV (remotely operated vehicle), Micromeritics SediGraph 5100, Marsh-McBirney portable current meter, Sieve shaker, and a Sequoia-Turner spectrophotometer.

Wave Tank
The wave tank is 24' long, 3'10" high, and 4' wide. It was recently extended from 16' to 24'. The tank walls are 1" Plexiglas and are supported within a welded and powder coated steel frame. The frame is supported on 1" plywood resting on a stand. Adjustable feet on the stand allow the frame and tank to be leveled on the floor. Waves are generated by an oscillating paddle mounted at one end of the wave tank. One of the benefits of this unusual and unique design is that the wave tank can be repaired and/or lengthened without breaking a permanent plastic bond because each wall of the tank can be removed by unbolting the section.

Recirculating Flume
The original flume was built in 1987 by two undergraduates. Water recirculated through the 20' long flume and velocities were controlled by two butterfly valves connected to PVC pipes and the 7.5 hp pump. Over the years, leaks developed between the joined sections of Plexiglas, but other than the leaks, the operation of the flume was trouble-free. Rather than start again, it made more sense to rebuild the flume. This opportunity also allowed us to make some minor design changes. Largely based on the success of the collaborative effort that resulted in the wave tank, the rebuilding of the flume was undertaken by three students enrolled in the capstone engineering course. The students removed the Plexiglas and some of the old PVC pipes. The support platform was then modified to accommodate the slightly modified new tank, frame, and piping. A new valve mechanism was also installed to facilitate draining and cleaning of the flume.

One of the students' favorite demonstrations involves pouring gallons of milk down the flume to model turbidity currents.

Computer lab

Student Computer Lab

The student lab provides a place where students taking geography and planning courses can complete assignments and work on projects. Computers in this lab are also linked to the Buffalo State computer network and are loaded with ESRI GIS software and other software programs that are installed in the teaching lab. The department has two color laser printers, a wide-body plotter, and a large-format scanner.

Teaching laboratory

Teaching Laboratories

Our Teaching Preparation Lab (SAMC 105) has thousands of binned teaching specimens, and hundreds of maps for labs. The department has three dedicated teaching labs in SAMC (57, 106, 115). Classrooms 106 and 115 are identical, and feature flexible seating/table configurations, and were designed for map and specimen examination including a digital teaching microscope and five hand-specimen microscopes. Room 57 is the dedicated "wet" teaching lab (The Geochemistry and Hydrogeology Lab).

Dragonfly on a water bottle

Watershed Laboratory

The Watershed Laboratory (Buckham Hall A122) houses a Stereozoom Binocular Microscope with 8" tablet display, various gravimetric scales, a Hach DR3900 Spectrophotometer, a fridge and freezer, warming oven, muffle furnace, soil sieves with shaker, and stream table. The lab houses portable equipment and supplies for water quality and soil science fieldwork, including a YSI EXO1s multiparameter Sonde with a handheld reader, an automated water sampling pump, and a YSI Automated Underwater Vehicle (AUV) with side-scanning sonar. The watershed lab supports field research and student projects and is used to teach courses including Watershed Analysis (GEG 421/521) and Soil Science and Management (GEG 365). The lab also supports a groundwater monitoring well located on campus that is used for class instruction and student research projects

whitworth ferguson planetarium

Whitworth Ferguson Planetarium

The Whitworth Ferguson Planetarium provides students and visitors with viewings of stars, constellations, nebulae, galaxies, planets, and much more.

Located in the atrium of the Science and Mathematics Complex, the planetarium offers seasonal shows open to the campus community and the general public.

Whitworth Ferguson Planetarium

XRD lab

XRD Analysis Lab

The PANalytical X'pert MPD X-ray Diffractometer is used extensively in our Forensic Geosciences course. It has the following basic configuration and capabilities:                     

  • Theta-theta configuration with operational range of 0-167° 2-theta (this means that the sample stage is fixed while the X-ray source and detector rotate around it).    
  • Copper (Cu) High Power tube – line or point focus   
  •  X’Celerator High Speed Detector system
  • Graphite monochromomator (for suppressing fluorescence)
  • Focusing Beam(powders and flat samples) and Parallel Beam optics (thin films and irregularly shaped samples).
  • Sealed Xe Proportional Detector for use with Parallel Beam optics
  • Fixed divergence and anti-scatter slits from 1/4 - 2 degree.
  • Multiple sample stages – 15 position sample changer for powder samples, Flat sample mount sample stage, and multipurpose stage capable of supporting 10cm x 10cm x 10cm samples up to 1kg.
  • Data collection and analysis software
  • On-line sample identification with ICDD database and access to PDF-2 database